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Fake News: Defining Fake News

How to determine what is fake and what is real online.

What is Fake News?

According to the fact-checking website, Politifact:

"Fake news is made-up stuff, masterfully manipulated to look like credible journalistic reports that are easily spread online to large audiences willing to believe the fictions and spread the word."

Types of Fake News

  • Fake or Hoax News -- Intentionally fabricated news stories
  • Misleading News -- News stories that report quotes, images, statistics out of context, some of these stories can be old stories that are re-reported with a new misleading headline
  • Mimic Websites -- Fake news websites that mimic the look of trusted news sources in order to fool readers into thinking a story is real. Example: Denver Guardian
  • Satire -- Fake and ironic news stories that are intended to be funny or entertaining. Examples: The Onion, The Borowitz Report
  • Clickbait -- News that is promoted with dramatic or misleading headlines that do not reflect the content of the actual story
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