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CMD220: Communication Disorders Across the Lifespan: Intro

Find Journal and Magazine Articles

APA Format - References

 

Avoid common errors in your APA references!

Include only last name, first initial, and middle initial (if available) and put last name first.

      • CORRECT: Scmidt, K.L.
      • INCORRECT: Schmidt, Kady L.

Multiple Authors: Include up to 20 authors, separated by a comma and with an & before the last

      • CORRECT: Matte-Landry, A., Boivin, M., Tanguay-Garneau, L., Mimeau, C., Brendgen, M., Vitaro, F., Tremblay, R. E., & Dionne, G.

  • Article and Book Title Capitalization

Capitalize only the first word of the titles and subtitles of journal articles, as well as the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and any proper nouns.

      • CORRECT:.  Children with persistent versus transient early language delay: Language, academic, and psychosocial outcomes in elementary school.
      • INCORRECT:  Children With Persistent Versus Transient Early Language Delay: Language, Academic, and Psychosocial Outcomes in Elementary School

  • Italicize journal, magazine, and newspaper titles(and volume numbers) and book titles

  • Exs., Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, Washington Post, Language development : The lifespan perspective. (book title).

  • Alphabetize reference list entries by author last name
  • Hanging indent references so they look like this:

Matte-Landry, A., Boivin, M., Tanguay-Garneau, L., Mimeau, C., Brendgen, M., Vitaro, F., Tremblay, R. E., & Dionne, G. (2020). Children With persistent versus transient early language delay: Language, academic, and psychosocial outcomes in elementary school. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research63(11), 3760–3774. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00230

Ex. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (n.d.). What is speech? What is language? https://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/speech-and-language/

Try citing this page: https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/aphasia

APA Format - In-text Citations

 

Why Use In-text Citations?

In-text citations tell your reader where you got your information. Each in-text citation points to a source in your reference list.

Paraphrase v. quoting

  • For direct quotes use the author, year, and page.
    • One author: ... "quoted text" (Schmidt, 2019, p.21).
    • Two authors: ... "quoted text" (Schmidt & Skwarecki, 2019, p.21).
    • Three or more authors: ... "quoted text" (Schmidt et al., 2019, p.21).
    • One author: According to Schmidt (2019), "quoted text" (p.21).
    • Two Authors: According to Schmidt and Skwarecki (2019), "quoted text" (p.21).
    • Three or more authors: According to Schmidt et al. (2019), "quoted text" (p.21).
  • When paraphrasing or summarizing, cite the author and year, but not a page number.
    • Example: Schmidt (2019) found that teenagers who stutter are more likely to seek treatment if...
    • Example: Teenagers who stutter are more likely to seek treatment if...(Schmidt, 2019).
    • For multiple authors, follow the format above, but leave out the page number.
  • If the source has a group author, include that in the in-text citation. 
    • (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, n.d.)
  • If a source does not have an author, use a shortened version of the title.

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