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HIS295: Craft of History: Home

Secondary Sources


Use the Secondary Source Types chart above to help you determine what kind of source your group was assigned. More importantly, prepare to briefly show the class the source and describe how you came to that conclusion.


Here are some guiding questions:

  • Who is the author? What are his/her credentials? What sorts of other works has this author written?
  • Does it include references/notes? What kinds of sources (primary, secondary), where and how are they listed in the source?
  • Can you locate a historical argument? Is it an overview or in-depth? Is it descriptive or analytical? Who do you think its primarily intended for(audience)?
  • How could the source be helpful as a source for a paper? Any limitations?

Review: Find books and Articles about Historical Topics


Which resource/database on the History Subject guide….

…includes only scholarly, peer reviewed journals?


…allows you to enter years to limit your search historical time periods?


...includes full-text coverage of journals from the earliest volume through the previous 2-5 years?


….is a combined search of all CalU databases.  Besides journal, magazine, and newspaper articles, what types of item results can be found through this “database”?


…allows you to search and request books from academic libraries across Pennsylvania, and some beyond? What number do you need in order to log in to it?

Citation Activity

Use the resources on the History Library Guide to locate these resources.

  • You may work alone or with a partner.
  • For each citation, answer the following:
  1. Is it a book, journal article, or other type of source?
  2. Which database(s) did you use to locate the source?
  3. Is it available in full-text online, in print in the library, or would you have to request it from another library?


Bairnsfather, Bruce. Bullets and Billets. London: Grant Richards, 1916.  

Braybon, Gail, and Penny Summerfield. Out of the Cage: Women’s Experiences in Two World Wars. London: Pandora Press, 1987. 

Cook, Tim. “Chemical Weapons.” In World War I : Encyclopedia, edited by Priscilla Mary Roberts, and Spencer Tucker, 289-292. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2005.

MacLeod, Roy. “The Chemists Go to War: The Mobilization of Civilian Chemists andthe British War Effort, 1914–1918.” Annals of Science 50 (1993): 455–81. 

Marrs, Timothy C., Robert L. Maynard, and Frederick R. Sidell. “Opinions of Chemical Warfare.” In Chemical Warfare Agents: Toxicology and Treatment, 1–26. Chichester, England: Wiley, 1996.  

Reader, W. J. “The Forerunners, 1870–1926 Vol. 1 of Imperial Chemical Industries: A History. London: Oxford University Press, 1970. 

Reid, Brian Holden. “‘A Signpost that Was Missed’? Reconsidering British Lessons from the American Civil War.” Journal of Military History 70, no. 2 (April 2006): 385–414.

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